Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal
Original Articles :
Myanamr Health Research Registration 2023; 35(1-3): 65-72.
DOI:

Larvicidal and Ovicidal Effect of Ocimum basilicum L (ပင်စိမ်း) Leaves Essential Oil on Dengue Vector Aedes aegypti

Maung Maung Mya1*, Aung Chan Pyae Maung2, Aye Win Oo1, Than Myat Htay1, Chit Thet Nwe1, Thu Zar Nyein Mu1, Zar ZarAung1, Yee Yee Myint1 and Sein Thaung1

Myanmar Health Sciences Research Journal, 2023; 35(1-3):65-72

ABSTRACT

Mosquito-borne diseases a public health problem in Myanmar. Dengue viruses are mostly harmful the children group. Larvicidal and ovicidal properties of Ocimum basilicum leaves essential oil was tested on the First filial generation (F1) of Laboratory reared Aedes aegypti larvae from Dagon Myothit North from June 2019 to May 2020 according to World Health Organization (WHO).


RESULT
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INTRODUCTION
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Mosquitoes are largest group of insects and they are act as intermediate hosts in the transmission of different principal human diseases which are malaria, dengue fever, yellow fever and filariasis. Three main groups of mosquitoes which are Aedes, Culex and Anopheles.


SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL
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The study was conducted in the 31st Ward of in Dagon Myothit North Township and it focus on an area with a population of approximately 80,000 people residing in 13,000 houses. The key points about the lack of government piped water supply and the reliance on tube wells and storage containers for water remain relevant in this context.


DISCUSSION
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In the tropic region, malaria, yellow and dengue fevers, are a major public health problem and transmitted to over 2 billion people.1 Over 1005 plant species are found to possess insecticidal properties, of these 384 contained anti-feed ants, 297 contained repellents and 27 contained attractants and growth inhibitors.


ACKNOWLEDGMENT
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CONFLICT OF INTEREST
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REFERENCES
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1.       Service MW. Mosquitoes (Culicid). In: Lane RP, Crosskey RW. (eds.) Medical insects and arachnids. London, Chapman and Hall, 1993; 723-725.

2.       Khin Maung Kyi. Malaria vector in Burma. Anopheles balabacensis balabacensis Baisas, 1936. Union Burma Journal Life Sciences 1970; 3:217-225.

3.       World Health Organization. Monitoring health for the SDGs. Geneva: WHO, Geneva, 2017.